Oil tanks are used in buildings for heating purposes. This heating method is especially useful in cold, rural areas where oil and gas companies do not run gas lines to every building or residence. With this heating method, oil companies drive a truck to the building and fill the tank with an extended hose. Because oil is extremely flammable, the oil tank installation process is delicate and somewhat complex. Before and after the installation process, consult a licensed technician.
Things You may Need
Certified oil tank
Petroleum-grade pipe-thread sealant
1.25-inch diameter vent pipe
2-inch diameter galvanized-steel pipe
Grooved, polyethylene-coated copper piping
Find an adequate spot for the new oil tank to be placed. Installing your heating oil tank indoors is recommended. Unlike outdoor tanks, indoor tanks should not exposed to the weather, which can damage tanks. Most basements feature an exposed cement foundation. Because of this, basements make a very good storage place for tanks.
Locate a brand-new oil tank. Residential-sized oil tanks typically range between 200- and 350-gallon sizes. When full, an oil tank can weigh up to at least one ton. Tanks are usually product of steel. Make sure the oil tank is UL listed, as this can help guarantee the safe operation of the tank.
Position the drip pan where the oil tank will likely be located. Although it is not required, a drip pan is a good idea because it captures any leaked oil.
Install metal legs. If the oil tank does not already have metal legs, they may should be screwed onto the bottom of the tank. Tank legs should ideally measure 11 inches on the outlet end and 12 inches at the alternative end. This provides the tank a downgrade.
Situate the tank at the least five feet from any fuel-fired appliance. Be certain that the tank is positioned so it may be inspected on all sides. Allow not less than four inches of space between the tank and any walls as well because the floor.
Install the oil gauge in the gauge hole, which is usually on top of the tank. These gauges tell how much oil is present inside the tank at any given time. To ensure a proper seal, use pipe-thread sealant on the gauge connection point.
Remove the vent-alarm plug found on top of the tank. Although not always required, using a vent alarm is a great idea. Vent alarms help prevent overflowing through the filling process. Vent alarms measure six inches in length. To make sure a tight connection, use pipe-thread sealant on the vent whistle connection spot.
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Locate the fill-line and vent-line holes. These holes are located on the opposing end of the supply-connection line. Remove any plugs in these holes. Within the fill-line hole, connect the 2-inch diameter galvanized steel piping. Run the oil-fill pipe outside. Position the pipe near the muse of the house. Fit the fill cap on the outside end of pipe. Connect the 1.25-inch diameter vent pipe to the vent-line hole. Run the vent pipe outside. Fit vent-cap on the surface end of pipe. To ensure proper seals, use pipe-thread sealant on all pipe connection points.
Fit the oil filter and shutoff valve to the provision line. The supple line hole is located on the front, base of the tank. Install the shutoff valve to the availability line. Fit the oil filter to the shutoff valve. Use compression fitting to attach the availability-line pipe and oil filter. To properly seal connections, use pipe-thread sealant on all pipe connection points.
Install the provision line to the compression fitting that’s on the end of the oil filter. Run the polyethylene-coated-copper-piping supply line around perimeter of any walls. Run the oil supply line to the furnace. To make sure proper seals, use pipe-thread sealant on all pipe connection points.
Tips & Warnings
Ensure all equipment and procedures meet the state and native township codes.
Before operating the tank, contact a licensed technician to come back and inspect the oil tank and pipes.
Inspectapedia: Guide to Heating Oil Piping Defects & Leaks
Nevada Division of Environmental Protection Bureau of Water Pollution Control: Home Heating Oil Tanks Fact Sheet
Canada.Nova Scotia.gov: Homeowners Guide to Heating Oil Tank Systems
Granby Tanks: Installation and Maintenance Guidelines for Aboveground Steel Tanks for Fuel Oil and Lubricating Oil
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