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American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)

Xylene EquipmenThe American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) is a national commerce affiliation representing 98 p.c of oil refining capacity within the United States. The American Gas and Petrochemical Manufacturers describes itself because the “trade association representing excessive-tech American manufacturers of nearly all the U.S. provide of gasoline, diesel, jet gas, other fuels and residence heating oil, as well as the petrochemicals used as constructing blocks for thousands of vital merchandise in daily life.” [1]

The AFPM was formerly recognized as the Nationwide Petrochemical & Refiners Association, before rebranding in 2012. Both James Mahoney and Charles Drevna have served in leadership capacities at the association. Mahoney twice served as chairman of the board of the organization, as soon as while it was the NPRA after which once more during the group’s rebranding in 2012. Drevna served as President of the AFPM. [2]

The AFPM hasn’t hidden its position promoting oil pursuits, and they oppose any laws that might cut back income for their sector. For instance, they oppose renewable gasoline standards, help increasing home oil and gas production on public and non-public lands, and argue that the EPA has no authority to regulate greenhouse gasoline emissions. [Three], [4], [5]

Stance on Climate Change
“Greenhouse gases are regulated by the Environmental Safety Agency underneath the Clean Air Act, although the Clear Air Act never authorized such regulation. AFPM believes that using this 40-year-outdated law to control of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions threatens our nation’s financial and vitality security. The Clear Air Act applies only to U.S. corporations and was never meant to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. Even the EPA has admitted Clear Air Act GHG emissions will do nothing to reduce world concentrations of those emissions.” [5]

The Conservative Transparency venture lists only four transactions for American Gasoline & Petrochemical Manufacturers, and for their AFPM’s PAC: [27]

Annual petroleum quiz questions and answers pdf Stories
Key People

Govt Committee (2016) [6]
Board of Directors (2016) [7]

Previous People
James Mahoney

James Mahoney has been employed by Koch Industries, Inc. since 1988 and serves as their Vice President for Operations Excellence and Compliance, and is a member of the board (he has additionally been previous chairman). [8], [9] James Mahoney served because the chairman of the NPRA from 2007 to 2008 and served as chairman of the board of directors of the AFPM from 2012 to 2014.

Mahoney helped develop Fueling U.S. Forward, a Koch-funded campaign designed to promote the advantages of fossil fuels. As investigative journalist Peter Stone revealed within the Huffington Post in February 2016, James Mahoney and Charlie Drevna teamed as much as pitch the idea of launching a pro-petroleum marketing campaign to refining corporations Valero and Tesoro and other power interests. [10]

In his piece, The Kochs Are Plotting A Multimillion-Dollar Assault On Electric Automobiles, Stone wrote that the “fledgling Mahoney and Drevna efforts seem to signal an growth of Koch-backed drives in opposition to subsidies and tax breaks for various fuels to the transportation sector, at a time when assist could also be on the rise in Washington and a few states for boosting electric automobiles.” [10]

Charles Drevna
Charles Drevna, former lobbyist for the oil refining business, was a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Vitality Research (IER), and previous President of American Gas & Petrochemical Manufacturers. He is presently heading the Fuelling U.S. Forward campaign, operating as President and CEO. [Eleven]

In response to IER’s web site, while he was a Senior Fellow, Drevna suggested IER on quite a lot of vitality topics, notably gasoline and refining points. Although Drevna instructed DeSmog’s Sharon Kelly that IER is not concerned with this Fueling U.S. Ahead campaign, it’s worth noting that Drevna developed Fueling U.S. petroleum quiz questions and answers pdf Forward whereas officially serving as a fellow at IER. [12], [thirteen]

The AFPM is operated by specialists amongst its 450+ member corporations by means of a wide range of committees and subcommittees together with the following. (Committee member lists can only be viewed by authorized members): [14]

Communications Committee
Environmental Committee
Fuels Committee
Government Relations Committee
Points Committee
Labor Relations and Human Sources Committee
Base Oils & Waxes Committee – Waxes Subcommittee

– Petrochemical Statistics Subcommittee
– Cybersecurity Subcommittee

July, 2016

The center for Media and Democracy (CMD) stories that AFPM President Chet Thompson attended private, undisclosed conferences with republican attorneys general to coordinate on defending ExxonMobil and push back in opposition to local weather change laws. [15]

Thompson spoke on the event alongside prominent climate change denier Myron Ebell of the Aggressive Enterprise Institute, who was lately selected to head Donald Trump’s “EPA transition workforce.” Audio obtained by CMD below. [15]

CMD reviews that Chet Thompson “thanked the attorneys normal for his or her ‘leadership’ and ‘support’ within the investigations of oil firms, and requested for further assistance in blocking the EPA ‘social cost of carbon’ disclosure guidelines for the fossil gas trade and halting the school divestment campaigns.” [15]

October 23, 2015
The American Gasoline & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) joined U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the National Affiliation of Manufacturers, and others in filing a petition for evaluation (PDF) making an attempt to block the Environmental Protection Company’s Clean Energy Plan. [16]

The full list of petitioners is as follows:
Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America
National Affiliation Of Manufacturers
– American Gasoline & Petrochemical Manufacturers
National Federation of Unbiased Business
American Chemistry Council
– American Coke And Coal Chemicals Institute
– American Foundry Society
American Forest & Paper Association
– American Iron & Steel Institute
– American Wood Council
– Brick Trade Association
– Electricity Consumers Resource Council
Lignite Vitality Council
– Nationwide Lime Affiliation
– National Oilseed Processors Affiliation
– Portland Cement Affiliation

March 13, 2015
American Gas & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) sued Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) for allegedly violating its widespread service obligation underneath federal law. A DeSmog investigation urged that there may be more to the lawsuit than initially meets the attention, and will serve as a distraction to the middle issues within the oil-by-rail debate. [17], [18]

The swimsuit was filed in in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division. AFPM sued BNSF “for violating its common provider obligation by imposing a monetary penalty” for those carrying oil obtained via hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in North Dakota’s Bakken Shale basin and different hazardous petroleum merchandise in DOT-111 rail cars. Bloomberg reported how

“This $1,000 surcharge on sure PHMSA-authorized rail automobiles breaches BNSF’s common provider obligation to ship hazardous materials under the auspices of PHMSA’s complete regime governing hazardous materials transportation,” wroteAFPM’s legal crew. [17], [18]

BNSF started imposing a $1,000 surcharge for firms carrying explosive Bakken fracked oil in DOT-111 vehicles, versus “safer” CPC-1232 vehicles, at the beginning of 2015. [19], [20]

November, 2014
The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) released research that oil producers used to counter oil-by-rail security measures within the Bakken area. The Wall Street Journal reported that AFPM’s testing strategies “may understate the explosive risk of the crude” from the region. [21]

Bakken oil gained protection after the July 2013 oil prepare derailment in Lac-Magentic, Quebec that killed 47 people. Since that preliminary incident, seven more oil trains have derailed. Desmog reported that “We now know that oil produced in North Dakota’s Bakken Shale formation is extremely volatile because of its excessive pure fuel liquid content material — ensuing in the ‘bomb train’ phenomenon.” [22], [23]

Oil producers rejected calls to stabilize the oil, citing studies by each AFPM and the North Dakota Petroleum Council. The Wall Avenue Journal notes that while the AFPM study’s author, Frits Wybenga, claimed that their tests had been adequate, a extra stringent examine by the U.S. government did find more volatile compounds within the Bakken crude. AFPM launched a “survey” of Bakken crude on May 14, the place it confused it might be transported utilizing existing railroad cars, under current guidelines. [21]

March 19, 2012
Charles Drevna, then the president of AFPM, testified to Congress. Drevna, representing AFPM, opposed limits on carbon dioxide under the Clear Air act, and in addition cautioned that we shouldn’t move to electric automobiles (read more in regards to the Business’s fight against electric vehicles at Desmog’s Koch vs. Clean challenge): [24]

“As Congress and the Administration seek methods to increase our energy safety, economic safety, and nationwide safety, AFPM urges policymakers to weigh the full spectrum of trade-offs. While weaning the U.S. off oil is an efficient speaking level, artificially forcing the market to adopt costly new applied sciences that depend on the honest trade practices of China may convey a brand new set of challenges. In the meantime, the U.S. can as a substitute develop its personal plentiful provide of energy, which can increase our vitality, financial and nationwide security. The U.S. can do so without subsidies or mandates, all our business needs is the room to do it. As we look to diversify our vitality sources, we should not flip our back on petroleum-derived fuels that we will proceed to depend on for many years to return. To take action would simply drawback the consumer, hurt our nationwide economic system and erode our energy safety.” [24]

Concerning the regulation of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) beneath the Clear Air Act, Drevna argued that it will make the U.S. less aggressive:

“In the absence of a complete global approach to GHG emissions, imposing these burdens on the U.S. would unilaterally cripple the ability of U.S. manufacturers to compete on a world market towards other nations – notably India, China and Brazil – with much less stringent environmental laws. [24]

June, 2012
Both the American Gas and Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) and the American Petroleum Institute (API) challenged the U.S. Renewable Gas Normal in court docket, calling renewables “phantom fuels.” [25]

Related Organizations
As of October, 2016, AFPM had almost four hundred member organizations listed on its website. Notable examples include Chevron, DuPont, Exxon Mobil Corporation, Husky Power, Koch Industries, Inc. Shell Chemical Firm, and The Dow Chemical Firm. [26]

View the attached spreadsheet for an entire record of AFPM members (.xlsx).
Former identify for the AFPM earlier than rebranding in 2012. [2]

1. “ABOUT AFPM,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. URL:

2. “NATIONAL PETROCHEMICAL & REFINERS Affiliation Becomes AMERICAN Fuel & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS,” AFPM, January 25, 2012. Archived October eleven, 2016. URL:

three. “Policy Position – Renewable Gasoline Standards,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. URL:

four. “Policy Position – Rising Home Oil & Gas Manufacturing,” AFPM. Archived October eleven, 2016. URL:

5. “Policy Position – Greenhouse Gas Laws,” AFPM. Archived October eleven, 2016. URL:

6. “Executive Committee,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. URL:

7. “Board of Directors,” AFPM. Archived October eleven, 2016.
Eight. “Executive Profile: James Mahoney,” Bloomberg. Archived October eleven, 2016. URL:

9. “Executive Committee Roster,” NPRA. Archived August 6, 2007. URL:

10. Peter Stone. “The Kochs Are Plotting A Multimillion-Greenback Assault On Electric Vehicles,” The Huffington Post, February 19, 2016. URL:

eleven. Jennifer A. Dlouhy. “Former refining lobbyist joins Institute for Energy Analysis,” FuelFix, Might 26, 2015. Archived August 30, 2015. URL:

12. “Charles Drevna,” Institute for Vitality Research. Archived April 1, 2016. URL:

13. “Charles Drevna,” Koch Vs. Clean. URL:
14. “Committees,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. URL:

15. “GOP ATTORNEYS General HELD Non-public Meetings WITH FOSSIL Fuel LOBBYISTS ON EXXON INVESTIGATION,” The center for Media and Democracy, September 23, 2016. URL:

sixteen. PETITION FOR Evaluation No. 15-1382 (October 23, 2015). USCA Case #15-1382 Doc #1579899. Retrieved from Archived .pdf on file at Desmog.

17. AMERICAN Gasoline & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS, Plaintiff v. BNSF RAILWAY Company, Defendant. Civil Action No. Four:15-cv-682, UNITED STATES DISTRICT Court docket SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS HOUSTON DIVISION (PDF), Filed March 13, 2015. Archived at Desmog.

18. Steve Horn. “Purposeful Distraction Unpacking the Oil Refiners’ ‘Bomb Trains’ Lawsuit vs. Warren Buffett’s BNSF,” Desmog, March 24, 2015.

19. Thomas Black, Dan Murtaugh and Mario Parker. “Berkshire’s BNSF so as to add Surcharge on Older Oil Tank Vehicles,” Bloomberg, October 24, 2014. Archived October 11, 2016. URL:

20. Eric de Place. “WHY petroleum quiz questions and answers pdf NEW IMPROVED OIL TRAINS Aren’t Almost Good enough,” Sightline Institute, January 28, 2015. Archived October 11, 2016. URL:

21. Chester Dawson and Russell Gold. “Accuracy of Bakken Volatility Checks Face More Challenges,” The Wall Road Journal, November 12, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog. URL:

22. Brendan DeMelle. “Deadly Quebec Oil Prepare Disaster and Athabasca River Spill On Same Day as Tar Sands Healing Walk,” Desmog, July 6, 2013.

23. Brendan DeMelle. “VIDEO: Authorities, Business Ignore Scientific Case For Improving Crude By Rail Safety, Let Bomb Trains Roll On,” Desmog, September 17, 2015.

24. “WRITTEN Assertion OF AMERICAN Gas & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS AS SUBMITTED TO THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON COUNTERTERRORISM AND INTELLIGENCE” (PDF), Committee on Homeland Security United States House of Representatives, March 19, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog.

25. Chris Hatch. “Industry Lobbying to Weaken B.C.’s Clean Gas Guidelines, Despite Soaring Profits,” Desmog Canada, October eight, 2014.

26. “MEMBERSHIP Listing,” AFPM. Accessed October 11, 2016.
27. Seach for “American Fuel,” Conservative Transparency. Perfomed Could 31, 2017.