Ingredients In Diesel Fuel

Diesel is a petroleum based fuel used in diesel engines. Diesel fuel helps diesel engines to operate more efficiently that gasoline powered engines however diesel fuel has become costlier that gasoline lately. This increase in price is due to higher worldwide demand for diesel fuels and increased federal excise taxes. Diesel fuel is comprised of kerosene, oil, ether and an ignition improver.

Kerosene
Kerosene is the base fuel in diesel for road vehicles which is the foremost power-producing ingredient within the fuel. Because of a high calorific value, kerosene produces a high amount of energy from a low amount burned. Kerosene also has a low self-ignition temperature, which is the temperature at which it can self-ignite without an external flame. A high calorific value combined with a low self-ignition temperature make kerosene an important ingredient in road diesel in addition to an effective fuel by itself for smaller machines. Diesel fuel usually features 42 percent kerosene.

Oil
Oil has three functions in diesel fuel. First, oil is a lubricating agent for the engine both during start up and under working conditions. Second, oil provides a gas seal for the engine by filling the microscopic spaces between its moving parts. Third, oil protects engine parts after the car is turned off because all of the opposite ingredients are burned off by the engine during use. It is important that the oil in diesel fuel has high film strength in addition to the flexibility to maintain good viscosity so it could work both as a lubricator and a sealant, to guard the quality of engine parts. Diesel fuel is made up of 24 percent oil.

Ether
Ether has an especially low self-ignition temperature which is available in useful during ignition. Though it’s not an effective diesel fuel on it's own due to a low caloric value and inconsistent detonation, when ether is mixed with kerosene and oil, it reduces the overall requirements for ignition. Ether makes up 30 percent of a diesel fuel solution.

Ignition Improvers
Diesel fuels feature various ignition improvers to further lower self-ignition temperature. Amyl Nitrate is the most well-liked ignition improver in North America. This ingredient is very flammable and dangerous on it's own nevertheless it stabilizes once it’s mixed with the other components of diesel fuel. While ignition improvers increase the ability of a diesel engine to ignite, excessive amounts of this ingredient can cause erratic running and excessive overheating. Diesel fuels must be made up of 3 percent ignition improvers.

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